Thursday, September 08, 2022

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 1926-2022

 ELIZABETH II, By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and of Her Other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith, died at Balmoral Castle, Deeside, 8 September, 2022, aged 96. Her Majesty had reigned for 70 years.

Her Majesty Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, elder daughter of His late Majesty King George VI and of Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes Lyon (Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother 1900-2002) , daughter of the 14th Earl of Strathmore & Kinghorne.

Her Majesty was born at 17, Bruton Street, London SW1, 21 April, 1926; she ascended the Throne, 6 February, 1952, proclaimed QUEEN, 8 February, 1952, and crowned at Westminster Abbey, 2 June, 1953; declared in Council 9 April, 1952, that she and her children would be known as the House and Family of WINDSOR,  and further 8 February, 1960, that her descendants, other than descendants enjoying the style, title, or attribute of HRH and the titular of Prince or Princess, and female descendants who marry, and their descendants shall bear the name of Mountbatten-Windsor; &c.

Honours : Hon BMus, London 1946; FRS, 1947; Hon DCL, Oxford, 1948; Hon LLD, Edinburgh; Hon MusD, Wales, 1949; Hon LLD, London, 1951; Hon FRCS and FRCOG 1951; was Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom; Colonel-in-Chief: of the Life Guards, Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons); Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers & Greys), The Queen's Royal Lancers, the Royal Tank Regiment, Royal Engineers, Grenadier Guards, Coldstream Guards, Scots Guards, Irish Guards, Welsh Guards, Royal Welch Fusiliers, Queen's Lancashire Regiment, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's), Royal Green Jackets, Adjutant Gen Corps, The Royal Mercian and Lancastrian Yeomary, Corps of the Royal Military Police, Calgary Highlanders, Canadian Forces Mil Engineers Branch, King's Own Calgary Regt, Gov-Gen's Foot Guards, Canadian Grenadier Guards, le Regiment de la Chaudiere, R New Brunswick Rgt, 48th Highlanders of Canada, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's), Royal Australian Engineers, Royal Aust Inf Corps, Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps, R Australian Army Nursing Corps, RNZ Engineers, RNZ Inf Regt, RNZ Army Ordnance Corps, Malawi Rifles, R Malta Artillery, Capt-Gen Royal Artillery, Hon Artillery Co, Combined Cadet Force, Royal Candadian Artillery, Royal Observer Corps, Royal Canadian Air Force Aux, Aust Citizens Air Force, Territorial Air Force of New Zealand; Hon Air Commodore RAF Marham; Commandant-in-Chief, RAF College Cranwell; Hon Commr Royal Canadian Mounted Police; Master of the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets, Head of the Civil Defence Corps.

Her Majesty was Sovereign of all the Orders of Knighthood, Order of Merit, Royal Order of Victoria and Albert, Order of the Crown of India, Order of the Companions of Honour, Distinguished Service Order, Imperial Service Order, and Order of Canada, Sovereign Head of the Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem, Order of Australia, and The Queen's Service Order of New Zealand, ; she received the Freedom of the Drapers' Co, and the Royal Borough of Windsor, 1947, Burgess of the Royal Borough of Stirling, and Cities of London and Cardiff 1948, and Cities of Edinburgh and Belfast 1949;  Order of the Elephant of Denmark 1947, Grand Cordon of the Order of El Kemal of Egypt 1948, Grand Cross (or Cordon) Legion of Honour of France 1948, Order of Ojaswi Rajanya of Nepal1949, Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion 1950, Order of the Seraphim of Sweden 1953, Grand Collar of the Order of Manuel Amador Guerrero of Panama 1953, Chain of the Order of El-Hussein Ibn Ali of Jordan 1953, Grand Collar of the Order of Idris of Libya 1954, Chain and Collar of the Order of the Seal of Solonon of Ethiopia 1954, Grand Cross, with Chain, of the Order of St Olav of Norway 1955, Grand Sash with Cross of the Three Orders of Christ, Aviz and Santiago of Portugal 1955, Grand Order of the Hashimi, with Chain, of Iraq 1956, Chevalier with Grand Cross and Grand Cordon of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy 1958, Special Grand Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany 1958, Grand Cross with diamonds of the Order of the Peruvian Sun 1960, Nishan-i-Pakistan 1960, Grand Collar of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin of Argentina 1960, Order of the Royal House of Chakri of Thailand 1960, Mahendra Chain of Nepal 1961, Grand Collar of the Order of Independence of Tunisia 1961, Collar of the Order of White Rose of Finland 1961, Grand Cross of the Order of Senegal 1961, Grand Cordon of the Order of Knighthood of the Pioneers of the Republic of Liberia 1961, Grand Cross of the National Order of the Ivory Coast 1961, Collar and Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum of Japan 1962, Grand Band of the Order of the Star of Africa of Liberia 1962, Grand Cross of the Order de la Valeur Camerounaise 1963, Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold of Belgium 1963, Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer of Greece 1963, Grand Cross with Chain of the Order of the Falcon of Iceland 1963, Chain of Honour of Sudan 1964, Grand Collar of the Order of Merit of Chile 1965, Grand Cordon of the Austrian Order of Merit 1966, Grand Cordon of the Southern Cross of Brazil 1968, Grand Commander of the National Order of The Niger [Nigeria] 1969, Order of Al Nahayyan (First Class) of Abu Dhabi 1969, Grand Cross of the Equatorial Star of Gabon, Order of the Supreme Sun of Afghanistan 1971, Order of the Golden Lion of the House of Nassau of Luxembourg 1972, Order of the Great Yugoslav Star 1972, Darjah Utama Seri Mahkota Negara of Malaysia 1972, Order of Temasek of Singapore 1972, Most Esteemed Family Order (1st Class)Darjat Kerabat Yan Amat Di-Homali Darjah Pertama of Brunei 1972, Distinguished Order of Ghaazi in the Maldive Islands 1972, Order of the Golden Heart of Kenya 1972, Grand Collar of the National Order of the Aztec Eagle of Mexico 1973, Grand Cordon of the National Order of the Lepoard of Zaire 1973, Star of Indonesia (First Class) 1974, Grand Commander of the Order of the Republic of Gambia 1974, Chain of the Order of the Seraphin of Sweden 1975, Collar of the Order of the Nile of Egypt 1975, Order of the Star of the Socialist Republic of Romania 1st Class 1978, Great Collar of the Order of St Tiago da Espada of Portugal 1978, Necklace of Mubarak Al Kabir of Kuwait 1979, Order of the Khalifa Necklace of Bahrain 1979, Collar of the Order of King Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia 1979, Collar of Independence of Qatar 1979, Order of Oman 1st Class 1979, Order of the Lion of Malawi 1st Class 1979, Presidential Order of Botswana 1979, Collar of the Grand Cordon of the Most Venerable Order of Knighthood of the Pioneers of the Republic of Liberia 1979, Grand Cordon of the Order of the Republic of Tunisia 1980, Collar de la Classe Exceptionelle of the Order of El Mohammedi of Morocco 1980, Order of Al Said of Oman 1982, Order of the Solomon Islands 1st Class 1982, and additional insignia  (sash and badge) of the Order of Qeladet El-Hussein Ibn Ali ( Jordan) 1984, Dominica Award of Honour 1985, The Trinity Cross Medal of the Order of Trinity (TC) (Gold) of Trinidad and Tobago 1985, Collar of the Order of Carlos III of Spain 1986, Grand Order of Mungunghwa of the Republic of Korea 1986, Order of the Golden Fleece of Spain 1988, Grand Star of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1989, Chain of the Federation of the United Arab Emirates 1989, Grand Ribbon of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland 1991, Grand Cross of the Order of Merit(Hungary) 1991, Royal Family Order of the Sultan of Brunei 1992, Brunei Silver Jubilee Medal 1992, Grand Collar of the Order of Boyaca (Colombia) 1993.

Queen Elizabeth II had worn the Garter’s insignia for longer than any other person in the history of the Order of the Garter, extending over more than 670 years, although it was only as recently as July 2022 that she surpassed the record of 74 years that was set by Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, who received that royal mark of favour from his mother Queen Victoria in 1867 and died in 1942.

Her Majesty married at Westminster Abbey, 20 November, 1947, HRH The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, OM, GBE, AC, QSO, PC, [born at Corfu, 10 June 1921- died at Windsor Castle, 9 April, 2021, aged 99].

Her Majesty is survived by her four children:-

His Majesty King Charles III [born 14 November, 1948], HRH The Princess Royal [born 15 Aug, 1950], HRH The Duke of York [born 19 February, 1960], and HRH The Earl of Wessex & Forfar [born 10 March, 1964].


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